Marco E. Terrones
Marco E. Terrones is Deputy Division Chief in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He was previously Assistant to the Director of Research and a Senior Economist in the IMF's Research and Western Hemisphere Departments, respectively. His research interests include: macro-financial linkages, business and financial cycles, and the macroeconomic effects of financial globalization. He is author of the book Collapse and Revival: Understanding Global Recessions and Recoveries (coauthored, October 2015). His extensive record of publication includes many articles in collected volumes as well as top field journals, including the American Economic Review, Journal of Monetary Economics, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Development Economics, International Journal of Forecasting, Journal of International Money and Finance, and Economic Policy. He has also written several articles for policy-oriented publications, including the World Economic Outlook, the IMF's flagship publication, Finance and Development, and VoxEU. His work has been featured in prominent media outlets such as The Economist, Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, and New York Times. Mr. Terrones holds a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison
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Most Recent Publications
Financial De-Dollarization: A Global Perspective and the Peruvian Experience New
with L. Catao
We re-appraise the cross-country evidence on the dollarization of financial systems in emerging market economies. Amidst striking heterogeneity of patterns across regions, we identify a broad global trend towards financial sector de-dollarization from the early 2000s to the eve of the global financial crisis of 2008–09. Since then, de-dollarization has broadly stalled or even reversed in many economies. Yet a few of them have continued to de-dollarize. This suggests that domestic factors are also important and interact with global factors. To gain insight into such an interaction, we examine the experience of Peru since the early 1990s and find that low global interest rates, low global risk-aversion, and high commodity prices have fostered de-dollarization. Domestic macro-prudential measures that raise the relative cost of domestic dollar loans and the introduction and adherence to inflation targeting have also been key. ... read more
Do Asset Price Drops Foreshadow Recessions?
with J. Bluedorn and J. Decressin
This paper examines the usefulness of asset prices in predicting the beginning of recessions in the G-7 countries. It finds that equity/house price drops have a substantial marginal effect on the likelihood of a new recession. Increased market uncertainty, a second-moment variable associated with equity price changes, is also a useful predictor of new recessions in these countries. These findings are robust to the inclusion of the term spread and oil prices. The new recession forecasting performance of our baseline model is superior to that of a similar model estimated over all recession and expansion periods, highlighting a difference between the probabilities of a new recession versus a continuing recession. ... read more
Credit Booms and their Demise
with E. G. Mendoza
What are the stylized facts that characterize the dynamics of credit booms and the associated fluctuations in macro-economic aggregates? This paper answers this question by applying a method proposed in our earlier work for measuring and identifying credit booms to data for 61 emerging and industrial countries over the 1960-2010 period. We identify 70 credit boom events, half of them in each group of countries. Event analysis shows a systematic relationship between credit booms and a boom-bust cycle in production and absorption, asset prices, real exchange rates, capital inflows, and external deficits. Credit booms are synchronized internationally and show three striking similarities in industrial and emerging economies: (1) credit booms are similar in duration and magnitude, normalized by the cyclical variability of credit; (2) banking crises, currency crises or Sudden Stops often follow credit booms, and they do so at similar frequencies in industrial and emerging economies; and (3) credit booms often follow surges in capital inflows, TFP gains, and financial reforms, and are far more common with managed than flexible exchange rates. ... read more
How do Business and Financial Cycles Interact?
with S. Claessens and M. A. Kose
This paper analyzes the interaction between business and financial cycles using an extensive database covering 44 countries for the period 1960:1-2010:4. Our analysis shows that there are strong linkages between the different phases of business and financial cycles. In particular, recessions associated with financial disruptions, notably house and equity price busts, tend to be longer and deeper than other recessions. Conversely, while recoveries following asset price busts tend to be weaker, recoveries associated with rapid growth in credit and house prices are often stronger. These findings emphasize the importance of financial market developments for the real economy. ... read more
Global House Price Fluctuations: Synchronization and Determinants
with H. Hirata, M. A. Kose and C. Otrok
We examine the properties of house price fluctuations across 18 advanced economies over the past 40 years. We ask two specific questions: First, how synchronized are housing cycles across these countries? Second, what are the main shocks driving movements in global house prices? To address these questions, we first estimate the global components in house prices and various macroeconomic and financial variables. We then evaluate the roles played by a variety of global shocks, including shocks to interest rates, monetary policy, productivity, credit, and uncertainty, in explaining house price fluctuations using a wide range of FAVAR models. We find that house prices are synchronized across countries, and the degree of synchronization has increased over time. Global interest rate shocks tend to have a significant negative effect on global house prices whereas global monetary policy shocks per se do not appear to have a sizeable impact. Interestingly, uncertainty shocks seem to be important in explaining fluctuations in global house prices. ... read more
Dollar Dependence New
with L. Catao.
The move away from domestic dollar use ended in most emerging markets after the global financial crisis, but not in Peru. (Finance and Development, Vol. 53, Number 3)
2010 and 2013 Citation of Excellence Award winner. Prizes awarded by the Emerald Group Publishing to the article
What Happens During Recessions,
Crunches and Busts, Economic Policy, October 2009.
Collapse and Revival. New Book
The world is still recovering from the most recent global recession associated with the 2008–09 financial crisis and the possibility of another downturn persists as the global economy struggles to regain lost ground. But, what is a global recession? What is a global recovery? What really happens during these episodes? As the debates about the recent global recession and the subsequent recovery have clearly shown, our understanding of these questions has been very limited. This book tracks the global business cycle through the of a global recession to the renewal of recovery, drawing on four major episodes in the past half century. It defines key terms, documents the main features of a global recession and recovery, and describes the events that take place around these episodes. The book also puts the latest global recession and ongoing recovery in perspective. In addition, it analyzes the interactions between global and national business cycles.
Advanced Praise for Collapse and Revival
Since the deep global recession of 2009, the recovery of the world economy has remained halting and uneven, with new challenges ahead. This new text by Ayhan Kose and Marco Terrones therefore comes at the perfect time. Its compact size is inversely proportional
Economic Counsellor and Director of Research Department
International Monetary Fund
This is a landmark book that will have a profound influence on how scholars and policy economists think about booms and busts for many years to come. Pioneers in the field of analyzing and defining global recessions, Kose and Terrones argue that it not longer makes any sense to analyze national downturns as if they always occur in isolation. Particularly interesting and original is their emphasis on the asynchronous nature of recoveries. After 2009, for example, advanced economies experienced their slowest post-war recovery, yet for several years emerging markets experienced their fastest. Kose and Terrones' analysis underscores why one needs to think differently about recessions and recoveries in today's globalized world.
Kenneth S. Rogoff
Thomas D. Cabot Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics
During the short-lived era of the Great Moderation, much of the economics profession deluded themselves into thinking that the business cycle had been tamed in the advanced economies. As the Global Financial Crisis proved otherwise, the interest in studying the causes and varieties of economic cycles resurfaced in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. This book is essential reading for those academics, policymakers, and market participants who are interested in gaining a better understanding of the booms and busts, and their milder counterparts, in the global economy. The study of business cycles has a rich history, famously connected to the pioneering work of Burns and Mitchell on the U.S. economy in the 1940s. However, the study of economic cycles in the developing world, which comprises a rapidly growing share of world GDP, has remained comparatively understudied. These authors importantly fill that gap and offer a comprehensive and insightful analysis of modern business cycles and that is truly global in scope.
Carmen M. Reinhart
Minos A. Zombanakis Professor of the International Financial System
What happens when the global economy falls into recession and how does it recover? Kose and Terrones answer these and many other important questions in this comprehensive empirical study of Global Business Cycles. Their new book will be an indispensable resource for all serious students of the business cycle.
Mark W. Watson
Howard Harrison and Gabrielle Snyder Beck Professor of Economics and Public Affairs
Finally, a clear and insightful guide to global recessions and recoveries. And just in time, with the world trying to recover from its worst economic beating since the Great Depression. This book, written by two leading economists operating in the heart of Washington, will become the bible on global growth and collapse.
Professor of Economics
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Last updated: May 20, 2016